Risk Factors Involved in Oncology



Journal of Molecular Cancer  is an Open Access academic peer-reviewed journal, aimed at worldwide dissemination of scientific research in the field of Cancer. We are truly obliged to introduce our Journal as we are looking forward to framing up an outstanding inaugural issue with best quality research articles for great impact among the readers globally.

Tobacco- The leading cause of cancer, and death from cancer. Smoking is associated with increased risk of cancers of the lung, larynx, mouth, oesophagus, throat, bladder, kidney, liver, stomach, pancreas, colon, rectum, cervix and acute myeloid leukemia. Smokeless tobacco (snuff or chewing tobacco) is associated with increased risks of cancers of the mouth, oesophagus, and pancreas.

Alcohol- Can increase risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, oesophagus, larynx, liver, and breast. The risk of cancer is much higher for those who drink alcohol and also use tobacco.

Obesity- Obese individuals have an increased risk of cancer of the breast, colon, rectum, endometrium, oesophagus, kidney, pancreas, and gallbladder.

Age- Advanced age is a risk factor for many cancers. The median age of cancer diagnosis is 66 years.

Cancer-Causing Substances- Cancer is caused by changes to certain genes that alter the way our cells function. Some of them are the result of environmental exposures that damage DNA. These exposures may include substances, such as the chemicals in tobacco smoke, or radiation, such as ultraviolet rays from the sun and other carcinogens.

Infectious Agents- Certain infectious agents, including oncoviruse, bacteria, and parasites, can cause.

Immunosuppression-The body's immune response plays a role in defending the body against cancer, a concept known mainly because certain cancers occur at a greatly increased prevalence among people with immunosuppression.


John George
Associate Editor
Journal of Molecular cancer